Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Integrity in research publication has become a major issue of debate over the past years. The editors of International Journal of Language Testing (IJLT) are seriously concerned about the increase of plagiarism and other forms of fraud and misconduct in academic publishing. We consider it an essential part of our ethical responsibilities as editors to be aware of and to meet these challenges and to develop strategies for coping with them. We expect the same awareness of our journal's peer reviewers.

Likewise, IJLT is committed to ethical standards in its own editorial policy. The editors of IJLT do their best to ensure fair, unbiased, and transparent peer review processes and editorial decisions. Any detected cases of misconduct, whether on the part of authors, reviewers or editors, will be vigorously pursued.

International Journal of Language Testing is committed to maintaining the highest ethical standards. A detailed policy regarding IJLT publication ethics (for authors, editors, and reviewers) and malpractice statement based on Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)'s ethical guidelines follows next.

Duties of Authors:

a) Reporting Principles

A precise account of the work performed along with an objective discussion of the work significance should be presented by the authors of the original work. The researcher has an important responsibility to systematically report on all details regarding the data and participants in the study (including the population, sample, and sampling techniques) to allow other researchers to replicate the study. Falsified or inaccurate statements which signify unethical behavior are intolerable.

b) Data Admission and Maintenance

The paper's raw data should be prepared to be delivered to editorial review in any event for a reasonable time before or after publication.

c) Novelty, Plagiarism and Concurrent Publication

IJLT takes copyright violation or plagiarism issues very seriously and seeks to examine plagiarism or misuse of published articles in order to protect the rights of the authors and the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Thus, authors should confirm that their articles are entirely original works, and they appropriately cite or quote others' work if they have used the work or words of others. Moreover, IJLT does not allow submitting a manuscript that is under consideration or has been published in whole or in part by another journal. If a paper is found to have plagiarism or to use third-party material without consent or adequate acknowledgement, and where the authorship of the work is questioned, etc., the IJLT has the right to retract the article; apprise the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution; or other fitting legal action.

d) Acknowledgement of Sources

It is always required to acknowledge and cite others' publications properly. Moreover, private obtained data (e.g., conversation, correspondence, discussion with third parties) and confidential services data (e.g., refereeing manuscripts or grant applications) must be reported with accurate written permission from the source.

e) Paper's Authorship

Authorship must be limited to those who have made a substantive contribution to the article (conception, design, execution, or interpretation). All other contributors who do not meet authorship criteria, yet have participated in certain significant aspects of the research project should be listed in an acknowledgements section. The final version of the paper and its submission for publication should be approved by the corresponding author and all co-authors.

f) Hazards, Informed Consent

Works that involve chemicals, procedures or tools that might have any unusual dangers or risks in their use, must state and identify hazards in the manuscript. All papers reporting human or animal studies must state that all procedures were accomplished according to relevant laws and institutional guidelines and the relevant Ethics or appropriate Institutional Committee(s) provided approval. In case of experimentation with human subjects, the authors are required to include a statement in the manuscript regarding whether participants provided with written or verbal informed consent.

g) Declaration of Conflicting Interest

Any financial, commercial or other fundamental conflicts of interest that might affect the results or interpretation of the article (e.g., employment, consultancy fees, payments, grants, paid expert testimony, applications/registrations or other funding) need to be disclosed to the Editor at the earliest stage.
h) Published Works' Significant Errors
Significant errors or mistakes in published work should be informed promptly (as soon as the author realizes them) in order to retract or correct the paper. It is also the author's responsibility to promptly retract or correct the paper if the editor or a third party finds a fundamental error in a published paper

Duties of Editors:

a) Publication Decisions

It is the responsibility of a peer-reviewed journal’s editor, in conjunction with and with the guidance of the journal's editorial board and other relevant society, to decide which of the submitted articles should be considered for publication. The decision usually is made based on the validation of the work, its importance to researchers and readers, and ethical considerations such as copyright violation and plagiarism.

b) Fair Play

Manuscripts should be evaluated based on their scholarly content without paying attention to the author’s origin, nationality, race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors.

c) Confidentiality

Information regarding submitted articles is considered as confidential and must not be revealed to anyone but the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, editorial advisers, and the publisher.

d) Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Since any received manuscripts for review must be treated as confidential documents, the Editors cannot use any part of received materials (published or unpublished) or other information obtained through peer review in their own research or for personal advantage. Any manuscript in which the Editors have conflicts of interest due to connections with the authors/institutions, or competitive/collaborative issues should be recused by them and instead, they should ask a co-editor or other member of the editorial board to review and consider the manuscript. In addition, Editors have to ask all contributors to reveal their relevant interests, and announce modifications, retraction or expression of concern if any competing interest is discovered after publication. Editors should ensure that the peer-review process for sponsored manuscripts is the same as other manuscripts and according to journals policies. Sponsored manuscripts must be accepted only based on academic merit and interest to readers and not be influenced by commercial considerations.

e) Involvement and Collaboration in Investigations

A submitted manuscript or published paper’s ethical issues should be assessed by Editor using appropriate and responsive measures such as communicating with the author of the paper or contacting the related institutions/research bodies. Every unethical publishing behavior should be considered and looked into seriously (by correction, retraction, expression of concern, etc.) even if the unethical publishing act is revealed years after publication.

Duties of Reviewers:

a) Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer review which is the heart of the scientific method and a significant feature of the scholarly communication supports the editor and authors in making editorial decisions and improving the paper through the editorial communications, respectively.

b) Punctuality

Reviewers or referees who cannot review a manuscript quickly or do not consider themselves qualified enough to review a manuscript should notify the editor and excuse themselves from the review process.

c) Confidentiality

Since any received manuscripts for review must be treated as confidential documents, they cannot be displayed or discussed with others without accurate consent of the editor in chief.

d) Objectivity Standards

Reviewers should conduct the review objectively and express their opinions clearly without imposing their personal views.

e) Sources Acknowledgement

Proper and accurate citation of any published work (observation, derivation, argument, discussion, etc.) should be identified by the reviewers. It is also the reviewers’ responsibility to inform the Editor regarding any overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other known published materials.

f) Disclosure and conflict of interest

Since any received manuscripts for review must be treated as confidential documents, the reviewers cannot take advantages of any part of received materials (published or unpublished) or other information obtained through peer review in their own research or for personal advantage without having the author's permission to publish the relevant contribution. Moreover, manuscripts in which the reviewers have conflicts of interest due to connections with the authors/institutions, or competitive/collaborative issues should be recused by them.

  • In any sense, IJLT observes the Code of Conduct approved by COPE available at: .
  • Any further information regarding the ethical issues required will be responded through the editorial office email address: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.